Belgian Malinois: The World’s Best Police Dog!Reading Time: 4 minutes
If you are considering bringing a Belgian Malinois, aka Belgian Sheepdog into your life, then you must know this is one very intelligent, proud, and energetic dog. This breed of dogs are great protectors and very loyal to their human companions – but you do need to be able to devote your time and energy to them as much as they will to you.
They began has herding dogs, but their working dog smarts mean they are a breed used by military and the police in the US and Canada, Europe, Australia, Asia and elsewhere around the world.
Belgian Malinois Breed History
The name Malinois name comes from the French name for the city of Malines Belgian, where the dog breed began in the late 1800s. Originally bred for protecting livestock, they’re still a popular breed of herding dogs in this region of Europe, and one of four similar breeds of shepherds further categorized by their fur type by the Federation Cynologique International (FCI) including the Belgian Tervuren, Laekenois, and Groenendael (Belgian Shepherd).
Brought to the United States in the early 1900s, the American Kennel Club (AKC) first registered all four types of the Belgian Shepherd dog breed in 1911 as Belgian Sheepdogs. Belgian Malinoises gained recognition as a separate breed of dogs by the AKC in 1965.
What Is the Belgian Shepherd Malinois Used for Today!
Belgian Shepherd Malinois dogs work hard for a living! They have a fine sense of smell so make excellent tracker and sniffer dogs. Aside from herding livestock, the Malinois or Belgian Sheepdog is a popular breed of dogs worldwide for police work, the military, border patrols, as guard dogs, and in search and rescue operations.
Have you heard the rumor or seen online that the US Navy Seals fit their highly trained Malinois with titanium teeth for an extra strong bite?
Well, there may be an ounce of truth in that titanium may be used to replace worn or chipped teeth, just as a human dentist would fit a crown. However, if there is a glint in the smile of a Malinois dog it is likely to be for medical or oral health reasons, rather than adding to their strength!
6 Facts You Didn’t Know About the Belgian Malinois
- You can often tell the difference between a male and a female in the Belgian Malinois Shepherd dog breed due to their size and overall masculine versus feminine appearance.
- The Belgian Malinois breed is your ultimate running buddy. Given free reign, these dogs will most likely run three blocks to your one.
- A Malinois Shepherd dog may be reserved with strangers, but a well-socialized dog will become a member of your family – and expected to be treated and included as one as well.
- This breed’s active minds and bodies need a lot of regular daily stimulation. If boredom sets in, look out! These dogs will love to play games with you.
- Malinois Shepherd dogs are best matched with experienced dog owners committed to their dog training and socialization needs.
- As herding dogs, they do like to round up the troops, so to speak. With a young family, they may need to be proper training so that they don’t herd any kids!
Appearance and Personality of the Brave Belgian Shepherd Malinois
The Malinois breed stands strong, proud and alert – and is! The AKC Breed Standard attributes of the physical appearance of these dogs are:
- Height: Males 24-26 inches (60-66cm); Females 22-24 inches (55-60 cm)
- Weight: Males 60-80 pounds (27-36kg); Females 40-60 pounds (18-27 kg)
- Head, Face, and Eyes: Brown almond-shaped eyes, stiff triangular upright ears, black noses, and lips.
- Coat and Coloring: Coats are short, straight and dense. The fur on their coat sheds seasonally. Ideally, you should brush their coats weekly and bathe when needed. Fur colors range from fawn to mahogany color with black masks and ears.
Belgian Malinois Temperament
The temperament of a well socialized and trained Belgian Malinois dog is confident, but not aggressive. With unknown people, these dogs may be reserved, but not shy or timid. With their owner and families, this breed is affectionate, playful, loyal and protective of both people and property.
A Powerful Dog—Belgian Malinois VS German Shepherd
At first glance, Belgian Malinois and German Shepherd dogs look very similar in terms of coloring in their coats. However, look a little closer and you will see that the Belgian Malinois breed has a head with a different shape, slightly longer legs, and a squarer body shape than the German Shepherd.
Belgian Malinois-German Shepherd Mix
The hybrid or mixed breed of a Belgian Malinois with a German Shepherd dog is known as a German Malinois. Shepinois, and Malinois X. These puppies are bred to bring out the best from both sets of genealogy in terms of their temperament, athleticism, loyalty, and devotion.
Belgian Malinois Puppies Are Smart and Active Dogs
Belgian Malinois dogs have a lot of energy that they need to burn, and a mind that needs challenges! Daily exercise of at least 20 minutes three or four times a day is essential! Regular backyard games with you – such as playing ball, catching a Frisbee, or obedience and agility courses will help with giving their mind something to think about.
Belgian Malinois Training
Easily trained and eager to please, Belgian Malinois dogs do need steady training and socializing from a young age to channel their boundless energy appropriately. They are smart and sensitive breed, so respond best to clear, calm, consistent and firm commands.
Belgian Malinois Price
The price of a Belgian Malinois dog from breeders in the United States range from around $1,500 to $2,500.
Belgian Malinois for Sale
If you’re looking to buy a Belgian Malinois dog, you may want to consider a rescue pup or contacting a breeder.
Belgian Malinois Rescue
Rescue organizations and shelters specializing in the Belgian Malinois breed offer dogs a second chance at life. They may be rehoming dogs that been abandoned, retired from working life, or their previous owners, for many reasons, have found they can no longer care for them.
Belgian Malinois Breeders
Always choose reputable dog breeders who can give you background on your Malinois puppy’s heritage, their pedigree documentation, and provide evidence of health checks.
Where Can You Find Belgian Malinois Puppies for Sale!
The American Kennel Club’s Marketplace or the American Belgian Malinois Club are good places to start to look for AKC registered breeders of these dogs. Both the American Kennel Club and the American Club link to American Belgian Malinois Rescue to adopt or re-home a rescue dog.
7 Tips for Owners Who Want a Belgian Malinois Dog
- These are active and intelligent dogs that do need experienced dog owners to train and socialize with – so they are not really a dog breed for first-time puppy parents.
- The breed has a life expectancy of 14-16 years that will need your commitment over that time.
- These dogs like to spend time indoors with the family. They also don’t mind sleeping in an outside kennel. Just, make sure that you securely fence your yard for them.
- This dog breed will keep you active with their energy levels and need for exercise, activities, and games.
- These dogs will develop a strong attachment to you and your family, so make sure you include them as part of your daily life.
- Malinois coats are largely self-care, and aside from regular brushing and bathing, their coats do not need a lot of maintenance.
- They are generally healthy and robust. Common conditions to the breed include hip dysplasia, elbow dysplasia, and progressive retinal atrophy.
A Belgian Malinois Puppy Will Be The Most Obedient and Protective Dog You’ll Ever Have!
Belgian Malinois dogs make excellent companions for active people and their families. If you’re able to commit to an outdoors and active life and have dog-handling experience then this could be the dog breed for you. With the appropriate socialization and training, these dogs show nothing but devotion and commitment to their families. This makes them excellent protectors and members of your extended family.
Common Questions On The Belgian Malinois
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