No dog is better adapted for cold climates than the Samoyed. Once used as a hunting dog and a sled dog, the Samoyed’s loyalty, adaptability, endurance, and hardworking personality made them Siberia’s most coveted dog.
Nowadays, these fluffy pups are better known as family dogs. A Samoyed dog will stick by their owners and do their best to please them. They’re good-natured, easygoing, and extremely friendly!
So, read on if you want to know more about the big fluffy doggo!
What is A Samoyed?
You’ll probably know a Samoyed if you see one! Their Samoyed smile is enough to melt even the least dog-friendly person’s heart.
They’re big, fluffy, covered in a white coat, and seize every opportunity to make new friends. But do you know their history?
History of the Samoyed
Samoyed dogs were used by the Samoyed people (also known as Nenets) in many day-to-day activities. This nomadic tribe lived in the north of Siberia, where cold climates were a threat to survival.
A Samoyed dog’s purpose was to chase and get reindeer meat, to hunt game, to scare off predators, and to pull sleds. They were a working dog breed that had a strong herding instinct.
During the 19th and 20th centuries, the Samoyed dog breed started began to grow in popularity outside of Siberia. In fact, they were part of the crew for polar expeditions to the South Pole.
They were already well-prepared for the harsh climates and had the drive to help explorers in their missions. This solidified the Samoyed’s reputation for being an enduring and determined dog.
The Samoyed breed started gaining its fame as a pet in the 1900s. Samoyed dog breeders marketed the Samoyed as a loyal, charismatic, and family-oriented dog.
Because they had been so used to serving their Nenetsky owners, they were already wired to be faithful to humans. This, along with their majestic appearance, turned the Samoyed puppy from a working and herding dog to a companion dog.
Finally, in 1923, the American Kennel Club (AKC) established the Samoyed breed standard.
Appearance and Personality of Samoyeds
Samoyeds have a very distinctive look from other dogs. You can’t mistake them from any other breed — they’re that unique!
Because they were first bred in Siberia–and they haven’t changed much since– they’re well adapted to the cold. You can know this just by looking at them. They have very big, puffy fur all over their body.
This is what protects them from the harsh conditions of northern Siberia and Antarctica.
The Samoyed breed has strong and erect ears at the top of its head. They look like triangles and are proportionate to the dog’s head. The corners of the mouth are slightly turned upwards, giving Samoyeds their characteristic smile. This is known as the Samoyed smile.
The “Samoyed expression,” as it’s known, is also very important in the breed standard. A Samoyed’s eyes should have a sparkle in them.
This isn’t a short-legged dog. Because of how their ribcage is shaped, a Samoyed’s legs are usually long, graceful, and strong. They have a double coat to protect them even better from the cold. The undercoat is thick, soft, and wool-like.
In fact, the coat they shed is used in knitting and weaving. The outer coat is harsher and is always straight. Males especially have a ruff around their neck and their shoulders.
As you might have guessed, the Samoyed’s coat is completely white and should have some shine to it, similar to that of freshly fallen snow.
What About a Black Samoyed?
You might have seen a few pictures going around of a black Samoyed. They look so different from all other Samoyeds!
This is because the black Samoyed in those pictures isn’t really one. Samoyed breeders don’t create Samoyeds that are black. They stick to the white and sometimes add biscuit-colored variations. In short, black Samoyeds don’t exist.
A Playful Pooch: Samoyed Dog Temperament
Samoyeds are known to be very playful. They’re very energetic and always eager to spend it all playing with other dogs or humans. He is not a “lone wolf” at all. Samoyeds like to spend time with others, be it humans or other dogs. If left alone for too long, he’ll become sad and depressed.
He’s very alert and a quick thinker. This makes them great guard dogs. They always try to protect their pack and family and won’t let intruders in that easily.
Samoyeds usually pick one member of the family to be their favorite and to devote all their attention to them. As you can see, this is a dog that is perfect to live with humans — adult and children alike.
As hunter dogs, they like to chase small prey such as squirrels and animals.
If you put your Samoyed in your yard, you’ll have to fence them in as they tend to wander off. When going on a walk, you should always have them on a leash.
Samoyeds are very smart and independent, so new dog owners should have a harder time training them. But socialization and training are still very important to raise a healthy pooch.
If you can’t train them by yourself, look up obedience training dog schools near you. The professionals working there will surely do a great job with Samoyed puppies.
Samoyed Size and Weight
Samoyeds are a medium-sized dog breed. Males usually stand between 21 and 23.5 inches tall. Females are slightly smaller, measuring 19 to 21 inches in height. Males weigh 45 to 65 pounds, while females clock in between 35 and 50 pounds.
Unusually large Samoyeds aren’t their own breed. Samoyed breeders can create a dog that is abnormally large either by coincidence or by breeding large adult Samoyeds.
Either way, if you want one of these Giant Samoyeds that can weigh up to 90 pounds, you should contact a Samoyed breeder.
5 Facts You Need to Know About This White Dog Breed
We’ve come up with a list of the top five most useful (and maybe curious) facts about these white fluffy giants.
- Their wolf ancestry is made clear when they start howling. They’re a very talkative breed, so you’re bound to hear this wolf-like howl whether they’re happy or feeling lonely.
- They can be stubborn dogs. You should train them to obey you and socialize them with well-behaved dogs.
- Samoyeds can tolerate living in warmer climates, but should always have access to shade.
- They shed their undercoat in the spring. Prepare yourself for a house full of white, wooly hairs.
- This is a dog that loves exercise. If you don’t walk them or run with them frequently throughout the day, they’ll become frustrated and sad.
The Samoyed Dog Can Be High Maintenance!
This adorable and fluffy-looking dog can be very high maintenance. If you’re not prepared to have a demanding dog, the Samoyed isn’t for you. Samoyeds shed a lot of hair, particularly in the spring when they lose their undercoat.
This means you’ll end up with white hairs all over your house, furniture, and clothes.
To reduce shedding, you’ll need to brush your dog’s coat. Ideally, you’d brush them every day to get rid of dirt and stray hairs.
If you can’t do it that often, you must do it at least 3 times per week. Invest in a good dog brush to get the best results. Also, be prepared to end up with a massive pile of white wooly hairs after each brushing session.
Their claws aren’t as much of a concern. They don’t grow too fast, so you should trim them every three weeks or once a month. You’ll know if the claws are too long if you hear them make a tapping sound when walking on hard surfaces.
Because of their wandering and hunting tendencies, Samoyeds like to escape their home and yard.
They’ll try to jump or scale fences and even try to get doors open. With this in mind, you should invest in tall fences to put around your yard. Also, make sure they can’t lean in on the door handle and open it by themselves.
You must walk your Samoyed a few times per day!
They have always been used to pulling sleds and running around in the frozen lands of Siberia, so they’re quite energetic. Get out of the house with them and go for a moderately intense walk together! You could also play catch with them.
If it’s hot, however, don’t let them do any exercise as they’ll overheat.
Another reason why Samoyeds are so high maintenance is that they can develop some health conditions because of genetics. While not all puppies will have to battle them at some point in their lives, they’re at a higher risk when compared to other breeds.
Hip dysplasia is a genetic condition that appears in some Samoyeds.
It happens when the hip joint socket and the thigh bone don’t fit snugly. This makes walking and even standing painful. In the most extreme cases, dogs with hip dysplasia don’t get up for days. The only way to fix it is through a very expensive surgical procedure.
They’re also at higher risk of developing diabetes mellitus. This happens when the body can’t regulate by itself the blood sugar levels.
A diabetic dog will still have a voracious appetite, but because the food isn’t being absorbed properly, they’ll lose weight. The solution to this problem is a healthier and well-adapted diet and giving the dog insulin injections.
Subvalvular aortic stenosis is also somewhat common in Samoyeds. It’s a heart defect in which the left ventricle and the aorta aren’t connected properly. Your vet should be able to diagnose this and prescribe a treatment for it.
Renal failure is also not uncommon. Samoyeds can develop kidney problems that result in renal failure and, if untreated, death. It’s important to be vigilant and to talk to your vet about this.
Finally, Samoyeds are prone to having sebaceous adenitis.
This is a skin condition and it happens when the sebaceous glands become inflamed and destroyed. This leads to hair loss over time. It’s a genetic condition, so you should check if your pooch’s parents developed it.
Samoyed Dog Trainability
Samoyeds have been around people for centuries, so they’ve gotten used to following orders. However, they still maintain some of their independent nature. This means that training them might not be the easiest task out there.
They can be very stubborn at times, but it’s important for you to not give up on the training.
Persist and adjust your rewards to whether they’re being obedient or not. That said, Samoyeds are some of the brightest dogs out there. They regularly take their owners by surprise because of it. Their intelligence makes the training task somewhat easier.
If you think you wouldn’t be up for the challenge of training a Samoyed, you can always enroll them in a school. Obedience training schools are very common nowadays and they take the responsibility off of you.
Samoyed Puppy for Sale
Have you decided to get one of these adorable pups for your family? They’d be a great addition to any clan, both the ones without dogs and ones with dogs!
To avoid future health complications, it’s essential to only buy puppies from reputable breeders. You should know what your pup’s parents’ health history is to be prepared for any genetic conditions showing up in the future.
Luckily, the American Kennel Club compiled reputable and well-respected breeders that sell Samoyeds. You can use their inventive tool to filter breeders by location and other factors.
Samoyed Puppy Price
Samoyeds aren’t cheap. Their majestic look comes with a hefty price tag on them. You should expect to pay no less than $1,000 for a Samoyed pup. But this amount may vary depending to the breeder you’re buying your pooch from.
In some cases, Samoyeds have sold for as much as $8,000!
If buying is not your thing, there are Samoyeds for adoption at animal shelters. It’s more common to find mutts there, but you might get lucky and find a Sammy, too. Places such as the Kabeara Kennels in Illinois or Samoyed rescue groups are always looking for new owners.
5 Tips for Pet Owners Who Love Samoyeds!
Now that you’ve fallen in love with Samoyeds, here are some words of advice:
- Training a Samoyed takes a lot of time and patience. It’s definitely a job that’s not for everyone!
- If you live in a warm country, make sure there’s plenty of shade in your yard and air conditioning in your home.
- Don’t buy a Samoyed just because they’re beautiful. They’re a lot of hard work and need dedicated owners.
- Don’t leave your Samoyed alone for long hours. They’ll become sad, frustrated, and even depressed.
- Exercise them by going on walks together or playing for a few hours every day.
White and Fluffy! Just Like Polar Bear!
There arere’s no doubt Samoyeds are some of the most beautiful dogs out there. Their white coat, their strong features, and their irresistible smile are what makes them stand out. They’re kind, loving, intelligent, and loyal. They’re perfect life companions.